Van der Waals equation of state for the ideal gases and Virial equation. Kinetic theory of the gases.
Solutions – properties and reactions in solution.
Conductivity and concentration.
Solubility and precipitation reactions.
General scheme of qualitative analysis of solutions.
Acids, bases and tampon solutions; pH; acid-base titulations. Mono-and polyprotic systems.
Order of reaction and molecularity.
Reactions of the order 1,2, 3 and pseudo-1. Velocity of reactions; radioactivity.
Theories of reactions kinetic.
Effect of temperature on kinetic and activation energy.
Methods to investigate the mechanism of the reactions.
Catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts.
Thermodynamics principles; Enthalpy, Entropy and Free Energy; spontaneous processes; Hess’s Law: Additivity of Heats of Reaction; Chemical balance.
Oxidation- reduction reactions.
Electrode potentials and Nernst equation; diagrams of the oxidation state and oxidation numbers.
Electrochemical cells. Galvanic and electrolytic cells.
Indicative and selective electrodes; reference electrodes.
Fuel cells and batteries; corrosion processes.
Classification. Properties of the elements of the main groups and their compounds. Transition metals; formation of complexes.
Structures, geometry and conformation; compounds classification, stereochemistry.
Important functional groups and their reactions.
CHANG, R. Química. 8ª ed. JONES, L.L.; & ATKINS, P.W. Chemistry: Molecules, Matter and Change. 4ª ed. KOTZ, J.C. & TREICHEL, P. Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity. 3ª ed.