The essential interactions. Classification of particles: hadrons (baryons, mesons) and leptons; quarks; field mesons.
α, β and γ Radioactivity and electronic capture; nuclear fission and fusion. Law of radioactive decay. Rutherford Dispersion; concept of efficient section.
Nuclear force. Nuclear mass and binding energy. Yukawa theory.
Liquid drop model. Semi-empirical mass formula (Weizsacker) and nuclear stability. Fermi gas model. State density, Fermi momentum and energy. α Decay. Gamow’s Theory, selection rules and other Tunnelling processes.
Layer model. Spin-orbit interaction. Magnetic dipole moment, four-pole electric moment, deformed nucleus, collective excitations.
Electromagnetic transitions. Selection rules and transition probabilities. Isomerism. Weak interaction.
Beta decay and electron capture. Fermi model of beta decay. P and CP violation.
Pattern model. Feynman diagrams. Propagators. Weak interaction and field bosons. Leptons and quarks.
Quantum chromodynamics (gluons). Assymptotic freedom. Nuclear Physics applications: nuclear fission and fusion (Types of Nuclear Reactors; principles and applications); Nucleosynthesis.
Particle accelerators: principles and applications.
Medical applications: diagnosis and therapy.
- α, β e γ spectroscopy (including Compton dispersion).
- annihilation of positrons.
- observation of cosmic radiation.
Bibliography of reference
KRANE, K. (1987). Introductory Nulcear Physics. John Wiley and Sons.
EISBERG, R. and RESNICK, R. (1985). Quantum Physics of atoms, molecules, solids, nuclei and particles. 2nd edition. John Wiley and Sons.
MAYER-KUCKUK, T. (1993). Física Nuclear. Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.
WILLIAMS, W. S. C. (1991). Nuclear and Particle Physics. Oxford University Press.