1. Electrostatics: Multipole expansion of the potential of a charge distribution. Electric dipole field and potential. Electric quadrupoles. Electrostatic energy.
2. Dielectric materials: Polarizability of a material. Clausius-Mossotti and Langevin’s Laws.
3. Laplace and Poisson’s Equations: Method of the images. General solution of Laplace’s equation in Cartesian, Cylindrical, and Spherical Coordinates.
4. Magnetic field: Magnetic energy. Magnetic multiples. Field and potential vector of a magnetic dipole.
5. Magnetism in material media: Paramagnetism and diamagnetism. Ferromagnetic materials.
Magnetization hysteresis curve.
6. Electrodynamics: Poynting vector. Poynting Theorem. The amount of electromagnetic movement. The tensor of Maxwell tensions.
7. Electromagnetic waves: Propagation in material media and conductors. Guided waves.
8. Relativity and electromagnetism: Electromagnetic tensor. Covariant form of Maxwell’s equations and continuity equation. Lorentz transformations for the electromagnetic field. Covariant expression of Lorentz’s force. Covariant equations for scalar and vector potentials. Pattern transformations.
9. Delayed potentials: the case of the isolated charges: Liénart-Wiechert’s potentials. Electromagnetic field due to accelerated charges. Radiation potency. Electric and magnetic dipolar radiation.
Bibliography of reference
BRITO, L.; FIOLHAIS M. & PROVIDÊNCIA, C. (1999). Campo Electromagnético. McGraw-Hill Portugal.
GRIFFITHS, David (1999). Introduction to Electrodynamics. Prentice-Hall.
- Feynman, R., Leighton R. e Sands, M., Lectures on Physics volume II, Addison-Wesley, 1963. - - Jackson, J. D., Classical Electrodynamics, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1975. - Lorrain, P. - Corson, D. E Lorrain, F., Electromagnetic Fields and Waves (3rd edition) Freeman and -Company, New York, 1988.
- Wangsness, R. K., Electromagnetic Fields (2nd edition), John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1979.