The postulates of quantum mechanics. Systems of identical particles: fermions and bosons. Statistical ensembles. Lasers. Holography holographic process. Registration, reconstruction and image location, phase holograms. Holographic interferometry. Fibre optics applications operating principle in step-index fibers, gradual and singlemode. Sensores attenuation and dispersion of optical fiber. Nonlinear optics. Quantum description of processes of nonlinear optics. Applications. Superconductivity. Phenomenological description. Thermodynamic properties of superconductors. Meissner effect. The model of two fluids. Quantum explanation of superconductivity. Quantum effects: the DC and AC Josephson effect. SQUIDs and quantum interference. Technological applications. Cryptography and quantum computing. Quantum key distribution, identity verification and correction of errors. Qubits quantum logic gates. Operations on qubits. Decoherence. Applications. Entangled states and teleportation.
Bibliography of reference
Quantum Optics: an introduction, M. Fox, Oxford University Press (2002). Óptica e Fotónica, Mário Ferreira, Lidel, 2003. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol III., Adison Wesley (1968) Semiconductor Device Physics, G. Parker, Prentice Hall (1994)
Quantum Mechanics ,Jasprit Singh, Wiley-VCH.
Magnetism in Condensed Matter (Oxford Master Series in Condensed Matter Physics), Stephen Blundell
Quantum Theory of Solids (Master's Series in Physics and Astronomy) Eoin O Reilly
Introduction to Quantum Computers G. Doolen , R. Maini , D. Campbell