Classical and quantic description of electromagnetic radiation.
Einstein's coefficients, transition rates, selection rules.
Width and shape of spectral lines.
Lasers and masers; oscillations, modes and properties.
"Bunchinhg" and "antibunching" of photons.
Interaction of light with matter.
Superposition of coherent states and density matrix.
Two-levels model. Resolution of time-dependent Schrodinger's equation.
Weak field and Einstein's coefficients.
String field: Rabi's oscillations, dampening.
Atoms in cavities. Optical cavities, coupling atom/cavity.
Weak limit and spontaneous emission. Purcell's effect.
Quantum electrodynamics of the strong coupling and experimental results. Applications.
Classic and quantum cryptography. Quantum computing.
Bibliography of reference
Laser Fundamentals, W. T. Silfvast, Cambridge University Press (2003).
Quantum Optics: an introduction, M. Fox, Oxford University Press (2002).
Introductory Quantum Optics, C. Gerry, P. Knight, Cambridge University Press (2005)