*)N.B. if there are students who do not speak Portuguese the language is English.
Main specific skills:
Broad general extended culture in astrophysics
Theoretical understanding of physical phenomena in astrophysics
Ability to solve astrophysical problems
Acquire a broad view of the world and the universe and understand on what basis it rests
Critical ability to understand new advances in astrophysics and cosmology.
Being able to read scientific/dissemination articles in the various fields of astrophysics and understand the scope of these findings.
Secondary specific skills:
Mathematical skills to solve problems
Autonomy to learn and articulate concepts
Ability to search and use specialized bibliography
1. The observable universe
2. Essential physical concepts in astrophysics
The virial of gases NR, UR and molecular
3. Star formation
interstellar clouds, condensation, T-Tauri stars, jets
4. Gases and processes of transport
Equations of state of degenerate gases and photons.
Transport processes. Opacity. Thermal gradient
6. Stellar evolution
Main sequence (MS)
Stages pre and post MS
7. Supernovae, compact stars and pulsars
8. Scales and cosmic distances
Dynamics of galaxies
Dark matter and black holes
Active galaxies and quasars
10. Big Bang cosmology
Cosmic microwave background
Expansion of the universe models. Friedmann equation. Hubble constant. Dark Energy
Einstein equation. Gravitational waves
Standard cosmological model
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in analysis and synthesis; . Knowledge of a foreign language; . Competence to solve problems; . Critical thinking; . Competence in autonomous learning; . Using the internet as a communication medium and information source; . Competence for working in group; . Creativity; . Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice; . Research skills; (by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours
Synthesis work thesis
Bibliography of reference
Harwit, M., Astrophysical Concepts, 4th ed., Springer, 2006.
Kippenhahn, Wigert, Weiss, Stellar Structure and Evolution, 2nd ed., Springer, 2012.
Hansen, Kawaler, Trimble, Stellar Interiors, 2nd ed., Springer, 2004.
Longair, High Energy Astrophysics, 3rd ed., Cambridge Univ. Press, 2012.
Phillips, The Physics of Stars, 2nd. ed., Wiley, 1999.
Stahler, Palla, The Formation of Stars, Wiley, 2011.
Prialnik, Theory of Stellar Structure and Evolution, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2011.
Padmanabhan, Theoretical Astrophysics, Vol. 1, 2 e 3, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000.
Schneider, Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology, Springer, 2006.
Ryden, Introduction to Cosmology, Addison-Wesley, 2003.
Kolb, Turner, The Early Universe, Addison-Wesley, 1994.
Duric, Advanced Astrophysics, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003.
Freedman, Geller, Kaufmann, Universe, 10th ed., Freeman, 2013.
This unit has lectures and tutorial lessons. The programme's content is presented and discussed in both classes; the tutorial classes are mainly for proximity discussions in which students are encouraged to actively participate, with complementary or related topics that they have previously prepared, to make the analysis of recent research papers (reference magazines, e.g., Nature, Science, Astronomy and Astrophysics, Astrophysical Journal, Annual Reviews A & A, etc.) and generally to consider applications and solve problems.