This course provides the foundations to be developed along the course in later subjects.
Establishes the scales (from microscopic to macroscopic) of the relevant systems, and defines, in a simple way, their relationship.
Promotes a reasoning aiming at integrating complementary subjects.
1. Introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics.
Energy and the 1st law of thermodynamics. Work, heat and energy conservation. Internal energy and enthalpy. Thermochemistry. Entropy and the 2nd law of thermodynamics. Free energy.
2. Chemical Equilibrium
Nature of chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium constant. Energy, equilibrium constant and temperature. Chemical potential.
3. Acids and Bases
Acid-base reactions in aqueous solution. Mono and polyprotic acids. pH and pK. Acid-base titrations. Indicators. Buffering effect.
4. Solubility and precipitation of salts
Solubility of salts in water. Precipitation reactions. Common ion effect and ionic strength. Selective precipitation.
5. Oxidation-reduction reactions
Redox reactions. Electrochemical cells. Normal potential. Nernst equation. Potential and equilibrium constant. Redox titrations. Electrolysis.
6. Complex ions
Structure. Formation constants. Complexes and solubility. Complexometry.
Secondary school Chemistry (preferably 12th year) and basic English
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in oral and written communication; . Competence to solve problems; . Competence in autonomous learning; . Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice; . Competence in analysis and synthesis; . Critical thinking; . Self-criticism and self-evaluation; (by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours
Bibliography of reference
1. R. Chang, Chemistry, 8th Ed., McGraw-Hill (New York, 2004);
2. P. Atkins and L. Jones, Chemical Principles: the quest for insight, 5th Ed., Freeman (New York, 2010).
Teaching is based on lectures, encouraging student participation and discussion of topics, and exercise-solving classes aimed at analysing and obtaining the solution for problems, while encouraging, once again, the participation of students, now gathered in smaller groups.