*)N.B. if there are students who do not speak Portuguese the language is English.
Advanced training in:
- Detection principles and techniques used in nuclear and particle physics experiments,
- Instrumentation for nuclear and particle physics, with focus on radiation detection systems,
- Nonlinear and Fourier optics,
- Optical spectroscopy techniques
In radiation detection, capability for
- Understanding the state of the art
- Design and development of radiation detectors.
- Analyzing and solving problems, implementing solutions and exploring them.
In optics, capability for
- Understanding and developing technological applications in the fields of nonlinear and Fourier optics,
- Understanding and exploiting systems or techniques in the field of optical spectroscopy.
1. Interaction of Radiation wih Matter
dE/dx of charged particles: the Bethe-Bloch equation; straggling and range; Bragg curve; electromagnetic radiation; neutrons
2. Detectors for particle physics
Particle ID: ToF, Cherenkov and TR. Tracking: Silicon, MWPC and MSGC, DC and TPCs. E and p measurements. Calorimetry. Modern systems: LHC detectors; fixed target experiments, heavy ions, neutrinos, space particle detectors, cosmic ray experiments, direct dark matter search
3. Fourier Optics
Domains f and t; Fourier transform of a lens; analysis, coherence and 4f correlator. Applications: spatial filtering, optical correlation, holograms, interferometry, phase contrast applications. Nonlinear optics: frequency doubling; Kerr, Pockels and Faraday effects
Atomic, molecular and lifetime spectroscopy. Optical techniques: monochromators and spectrometers; light sources; spectral and radiometric calibration; detectors; color, neutral and interferential filters; single photoelect
Training in Quantum Mechanics, Atomic and Nuclear Physics, and Optics
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in organization and planning; . Critical thinking; . Competence in understanding the language of other specialists; . Competence in autonomous learning; . Research skills; . Competence in oral and written communication; . Competence in information management; . Adaptability to new situations; . Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice; . Planning and managing; (by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours
Laboratory or field work
Synthesis work thesis
(Oral) 20 %
Bibliography of reference
3.3.9. Bibliografia de consulta/existência obrigatória | Bibliography (1000 caracteres disponíveis)
1 - W.R. Leo, ?Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments?, Springer, 1994
2 ? C. Leroy, P. G. Rancoita, ?Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter Detection?, World Scientific, 2009
3 ? J. F. Ziegler, ?The Stopping of Energetic Light Ions in Elemntal Matter?, J. Appl. Phys./Rev. Appl. Phys., 85, 1249-1272 (1999)
4 - J. M. Lerner, ?Imaging Spectrometer Fundamentals for Researchers in the Biosciences ? A Tutorial?, Cytometry, Part A 69A:712-734 (2006)
5 ? Eugene Hecht , ?Óptica?, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 2002
6 ? Frank L. Pedrotti, Leno M. Pedrotti, Leno S. Pedrotti, ?Introduction to Optics?, Pearson Education Limited, 3rd ed., 2014
7 ?Joseph W. Goodman, ?Introduction to Fourier Optics?, Roberts & Company, Englewood, Colorado, 2005
8 ? R. Kalytis, ?Photon counting in Astrophotometry. Fundamentals and some advices for beginners?, Tr.J. of Physics, 23 (1999) 335-345
Lectures and laboratory work.
Laboratório de óptica avançada, acesso a bases de dados bibliográficos. Ligação a Internet. Laboratórios dos Grupos de I&D envolvidos na leccionação.