
Física Geral I
F+EF 2011 . 2012  1º semestre
Specification sheet Specific details
Learning goals
Understanding of (theoretical and empirical) laws of Classic Mechanics and its applications. Ability to use concepts of Mechanics to solve problems. Ability to learn Physics. Thorough general culture in Physics. Oral and written communication. Syllabus
1. What is Physics? How did it develop? What is its validity? Why study Physics? 2. Model of material point or particle. 2.1. Validity of this model – real situations to which it can be applied. 2.2. Kinematics: referential, position, velocity, acceleration. Examples of application. Study of rectilinear movements and planar movements: projectiles and circular motion. Translational Relative Movement. Galileo transformations. 2.3. Dynamics: Newton laws. Study of different types of forces and their effect on the motion of bodies. Brief approach to noninertial referentials. Linear momentum and impulse theorem. Angular momentum and its conservation. Movements of bodies that are subject to central forces. 2.4. Work and energy: theorem of kinetic energy (conservation of energy). Fields of forces. Conservative forces and potential difference that is associated with a conservative field. Potential energy. Equipotential surfaces. Mechanical energy of a body in a conservative field and its conservation requirements. 2.5. Vibratory movements. Simple harmonic movement. Elastic potential energy. Study of the simple pendulum. Superposition of simple harmonic movements. Cushioned oscillations. Forced oscillations and resonance. 2.6. Gravity field and gravitational interactions. Gravitational mass and inertial mass. Weight of a body and imponderability. Gravitational potential energy. 3. Particle system model. Balance of a rigid body. Equivalent sets of forces that are applied to a rigid body. The effect of terrestrial gravitational field on a rigid body: definition of centre of mass. Particle system dynamics. Rigid body dynamics. Considerations on energy changes in real bodies. Prerequisites
There are none, besides the access prerequisites to the course. Generic skills to reach
. Competence in analysis and synthesis;. Competence in organization and planning; . Competence in oral and written communication; . Competence to solve problems; . Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice; . Critical thinking; . Competence in autonomous learning; . Adaptability to new situations; . Selfcriticism and selfevaluation; (by decreasing order of importance) Teaching hours per semester
Assessment
assessment implementation in 20112012
Accomplishment of two midterm tests : 100.0% Final exam: 100.0% Bibliography of reference
COSTA, Mª Margarida & ALMEIDA, Mª José de (2004). Fundamentos de Física. Ed. Almedina. Teaching method
Direct teaching promoting the active participation of students; teaching by means of dialogue and discussion; research and reflective teaching promoting the development of students’ creativity. Teaching for a whole class, for groups and for individual students. Resources used
Data show, projector de acetatos.
