*)N.B. if there are students who do not speak Portuguese the language is English.
Detailed knowledge of physics (quantum optics and their technological applications) theoretical understanding of physical phenomena (including quantum description of technological devices like lasers, SQUIDs, etc.) Modeling and solving problems specific to the area in question. Upgradability. Ability to search for and use bibliography. To be familiar with the frontiers of research.
The postulates of quantum mechanics. Systems of identical particles: fermions and bosons. Statistical ensembles. Lasers. Holography holographic process. Registration, reconstruction and image location, phase holograms. Holographic interferometry. Fibre optics applications operating principle in step-index fibers, gradual and singlemode. Sensores attenuation and dispersion of optical fiber. Nonlinear optics. Quantum description of processes of nonlinear optics. Applications. Superconductivity. Phenomenological description. Thermodynamic properties of superconductors. Meissner effect. The model of two fluids. Quantum explanation of superconductivity. Quantum effects: the DC and AC Josephson effect. SQUIDs and quantum interference. Technological applications. Cryptography and quantum computing. Quantum key distribution, identity verification and correction of errors. Qubits quantum logic gates. Operations on qubits. Decoherence. Applications. Entangled states and teleportation.
Quantum Mechanics and Optics
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in analysis and synthesis; . Competence to solve problems; . Critical thinking; . Competence in autonomous learning; . Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice; . Competence in organization and planning; . Competence in oral and written communication; . Competence to communicate with people who are not experts in the field; . Competence in understanding the language of other specialists; . Creativity; (by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours
Synthesis work thesis
Bibliography of reference
Quantum Optics: an introduction, M. Fox, Oxford University Press (2002). Óptica e Fotónica, Mário Ferreira, Lidel, 2003. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol III., Adison Wesley (1968) Semiconductor Device Physics, G. Parker, Prentice Hall (1994)
Quantum Mechanics ,Jasprit Singh, Wiley-VCH.
Magnetism in Condensed Matter (Oxford Master Series in Condensed Matter Physics), Stephen Blundell
Quantum Theory of Solids (Master's Series in Physics and Astronomy) Eoin O Reilly
Introduction to Quantum Computers G. Doolen , R. Maini , D. Campbell
Quantum nanoelectronics - Edward Wolf.
Some of the topics will be dealt with expositive lessons, others will be proposed for autonomous development, after a brief introduction in class, with particular attention to the numerous technological applications of quantum mechanics. Students should consult specialized literature on some of the topics cobered by the program.