*)N.B. if there are students who do not speak Portuguese the language is English.
- The student should learn the symmetry laws of elementary processes and the properties of the fundamental interactions.
- Should know the main features of the Standard Model of Particle Physics, the experimental observations that support it and its limitations.
- Understand the concept of cross-section and its importance. Learn how to compute cross-sections at leading order using Feynman rules.
- Know the most important experiences of High Energy Physics (HEP), theirs purposes and main results obtained.
- knowledge about the different types of particle accelerators.
- Acquire skills in analyzing and solving problems.
Systematic of elementary particles, fundamental interactions and corresponding bosons. Spectra of subatomic particles and their classification. P, C and T symmetries.
Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations. Free particles solutions. Limit of null mass and helicity. Neutrinos and V-A structure of weak theory.
Green functions and propagators of fermions and bosons. Yukawa potential in a field of bosons. Propagators.
Cross sections. Calculation of the differential cross section for e+/e- processes.
Moller, Bhabha and Compton scatterings.
Higher order diagrams. Renormalisation. Mott scattering. Proton form factor. Structure functions. Quarks and gluons.
Notions of Quantum Chromodynamics. Coupling constant. Confinement and asymptotic freedom of quarks. Mesons and barions.
Electroweak theory. Standard model. Neutral and charged currents. W± and Z0 bosons.
CP and T violations. CPT theorem.
Analysis and simulation in FAE.
Quantum Mechanics I and II, Foundations of Modern Physics
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in analysis and synthesis; . Competence to solve problems; . Critical thinking; . Creativity; . Research skills; . Competence in organization and planning; . Competence in oral and written communication; . Adaptability to new situations; . Quality concerns; . Self-criticism and self-evaluation; (by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours
Synthesis work thesis
Bibliography of reference
- D. Griffiths, Introduction to Elementary Particles, 2nd ed., Wiley-VCH, 2008, ISBN: 3527406018
- F. Halzen e A. Martin, Quarks and Leptons, John Wiley, 1984, ISBN: 0471887412
- D. Perkins, Introduction to High Energy Physics, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, 1992, 0521621968
- G. Kane, Modern Elementary Particle Physics, Addison-Wesley, 1993, 0201624605
- B. Povh, K. Rith, C. Scholtz e F. Zetesche, Particles and Nuclei, Springer, 1995.
- W. Greiner e B. Muller, Gauge Theory of Electroweak Interactions, Springer, 1996.
- W. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments: a how to approach, Springer, 1987, ISBN: 9783642579202
- PDG, The Review of Particle Physics, (edição bienal), versão online http://pdg.lbl.gov
- Lectures using mainly the blackboard, but also with presentations and computer animations, with exposure of concepts and fundamental theories, and discussion of practical applications of these concepts.
- Problem solving classes with typical examples of the subjects under study;
- Development of projects with broader scope and greater depth than the typical examples and problems.