*)N.B. if there are students who do not speak Portuguese the language is English.
Main learning outcomes:
Deep knowledge on quantum optics and its technological applications, with emphasis on LASERS and other application such as quantum cryptography.
Deep theoretical of the physical phenomena, including the quantum description of coherent and partially coherent light and its interaction with matter.
Modelling and resolution of specific problems in this field.
Other learning outcomes:
Capacity to autonomous work, searching and using literature.
Development of critical reasoning skills, involving data, models and results.
Becoming acquainted with the current research being done in this area.
Classical and quantic description of electromagnetic radiation.
Einstein's coefficients, transition rates, selection rules.
Width and shape of spectral lines.
Lasers and masers; oscillations, modes and properties.
Bunchinhg and antibunching of photons.
Interaction of light with matter.
Superposition of coherent states and density matrix.
Two-levels model. Resolution of time-dependent Schrodinger's equation.
Weak field and Einstein's coefficients.
String field: Rabi's oscillations, dampening.
Atoms in cavities. Optical cavities, coupling atom/cavity.
Weak limit and spontaneous emission. Purcell's effect.
Quantum electrodynamics of the strong coupling and experimental results. Applications.
Classic and quantum cryptography. Quantum computing.
Basic knowledge in Optics and Quantum Mechanics
Generic skills to reach
. Competence in analysis and synthesis; . Competence to solve problems; . Competence in autonomous learning; . Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice; . Competence in organization and planning; . Competence in oral and written communication; . Competence in information management; . Adaptability to new situations; (by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours
Bibliography of reference
Laser Fundamentals, W. T. Silfvast, Cambridge University Press (2003).
Quantum Optics: an introduction, M. Fox, Oxford University Press (2002).
Introductory Quantum Optics, C. Gerry, P. Knight, Cambridge University Press (2005)
Some topics are addressed in lectures, others are given to the students for autonomous work at home, after a brief introduction in the lectures. The course also includes laboratory work and problem solving classes using computers and specific simulation and modelling software.