DEPARTAMENTO DE FÍSICA

 

Physics of Music - F+mnrF

Ano letivo: 2019-2020
Specification sheet

Specific details
course codecycle os studiesacademic semestercredits ECTSteaching language
1008470116pt


Learning goals
A. Acquisition of basic concepts in physics necessary for the understanding of music and of related technologies.
B. Acquisition of interdisciplinary competences motivated by this interdisciplinary topic par excellence (point of convergence of varied scientific and artistic areas such as music, physics, mathematics, civil engineering, mechanical engineering, electrotechnical engineering, informatics, material science and psychology).
C. Development of experimental and laboratorial competences in the measurement of acoustical quantities.
D. The following secondary competences should also be developed: organization and work method; technical communication, through the laboratory reports; interdisciplinary communication, through the presentation of a review work;
Syllabus
I. Basic physics of acoustical systems: vibrations, waves, sound, resonance.
II. Perception and measurement of sound: hearing, sound pressure and sound power, physical and psychological intensities; pitch and timbre; harmonics and harmony; musical scales and temperament; environmental noise, its control and its physiological and psychological effects.
III. Musical instruments: strings, brass instruments, woodwind instruments, percussion instruments, keyboard instruments.
IV. Human voice: production, identification, analysis and synthesis of speech; singing.
V. Introduction to electroacoustics: electronic circuits, loudspeakers. microphones, amplifiers and reception devices; computers and digital techniques in music; sound recording.
VI. Introduction to architectural acoustics: auditorium acoustics, electronic reinforcement of sound, small rooms, studios.
Prerequisites
General Physics
Generic skills to reach
. Competence to solve problems;
. Competence in working in interdisciplinary teams;
. Critical thinking;
. Adaptability to new situations;
. Competence in applying theoretical knowledge in practice;
. Competence for working in group;
. Valuing diversity and multiculturalism;
. Competence to communicate with people who are not experts in the field;
. Competence in understanding the language of other specialists;
. Knowledge of other cultures and customs;
(by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
lectures30
theory-practical classes15
laboratory classes30
total of teaching hours75

Assessment
Laboratory or field work20 %
Synthesis work thesis20 %
Exam60 %
assessment implementation in 20192020

- Acústica Musical, Luís L. Henrique, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (2002).
- The Science of Sound, 3rd edition, T. D. Rossing, F. R. Moore e P. A. Wheeler, Addison Wesley (2002).
- The Physics of Musical Instruments, N. H. Fletcher e T. D. Rossing, Springer (1998)


Bibliography of reference
- Acústica Musical, Luís L. Henrique, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (2002).
- The Science of Sound, 3rd edition, T. D. Rossing, F. R. Moore e P. A. Wheeler, Addison Wesley (2002).
- The Physics of Musical Instruments, N. H. Fletcher e T. D. Rossing, Springer (1998)
Teaching method
1) Theoretical exposition of topics with the use of experimental demonstrations.
2) Laboratory classes with previously prepared works, with written reports.
3) Review work done in close interaction with the teacher.
Resources used
Equipamento laboratorial adequado aos trabalhos programados, em número suficiente para o funcionamento simultâneo de vários grupos de trabalho.