|course code||cycle os studies||academic semester||credits ECTS||teaching language|
In the specific field of this curricular unit (Nuclear and Particle Physics),students should acquire competences that allow them to:
- understand the involved physical phenomena and deepen that knowledge.
- solve problems using the acquired knowledge – communicate (with specialists and non-specialists) the interpretation of the questions and the solutions for the problems.
The essential interactions. Classification of particles: hadrons (baryons, mesons) and leptons; quarks; field mesons.
α, β and γ Radioactivity and electronic capture; nuclear fission and fusion. Law of radioactive decay. Rutherford Dispersion; concept of efficient section.
Nuclear force. Nuclear mass and binding energy. Yukawa theory.
Liquid drop model. Semi-empirical mass formula (Weizsacker) and nuclear stability. Fermi gas model. State density, Fermi momentum and energy. α Decay. Gamow’s Theory, selection rules and other Tunnelling processes.
Layer model. Spin-orbit interaction. Magnetic dipole moment, four-pole electric moment, deformed nucleus, collective excitations.
Electromagnetic transitions. Selection rules and transition probabilities. Isomerism. Weak interaction.
Beta decay and electron capture. Fermi model of beta decay. P and CP violation.
Pattern model. Feynman diagrams. Propagators. Weak interaction and field bosons. Leptons and quarks.
Quantum chromodynamics (gluons). Assymptotic freedom. Nuclear Physics applications: nuclear fission and fusion (Types of Nuclear Reactors; principles and applications); Nucleosynthesis.
Particle accelerators: principles and applications.
Medical applications: diagnosis and therapy.
- α, β e γ spectroscopy (including Compton dispersion).
- annihilation of positrons.
- observation of cosmic radiation.
Modern Physics Fundamentals.
Quantum Mechanics (I and II).
Atomic and Molecular Physics.
|total of teaching hours||90|
|Laboratory or field work||20 %|
|Problem solving||10 %|
|Assessment Tests||0<30 %|
KRANE, K. (1987). Introductory Nulcear Physics. John Wiley and Sons.
EISBERG, R. and RESNICK, R. (1985). Quantum Physics of atoms, molecules, solids, nuclei and particles. 2nd edition. John Wiley and Sons.
MAYER-KUCKUK, T. (1993). Física Nuclear. Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.
WILLIAMS, W. S. C. (1991). Nuclear and Particle Physics. Oxford University Press.
Three theoretical one-hour classes per week.
Support to the resolution of problems by students (an average of 2 hours per week).
Laboratorial assignments (an average of 1 hour per week), including the preparation of measures, the taking of data, the analysis of that data and the presentation of the conclusions (report and oral presentation).
Assessment based on:
- performance in the laboratory, reports and presentations.
- resolution of exercises that will be delivered throughout the semester.
- two (or three) midterm tests and final exam or a single final exam.