History of the Ideas in Chemistry - EFQ

Ano letivo: 2014-2015
Specification sheet

Specific details
course codecycle os studiesacademic semestercredits ECTSteaching language

Learning goals

Meet specific content in the study area.

Knowing the forms of communication of scientific ideas

Meet the evolution of scientific instruments and experimental methodologies

Recognize the role of tacit knowledge in the creation of scientific traditions in chemistry.

Relate scientific development with social and technological aspects.

Relate the development of ideas in chemistry with the dogmatic teaching of sciences and its expression in scientific paradigms.

Recognize the scientific controversy as the ecological niche where the roles of authority,  tradition and originality in science articulate.


The roles of Chemistry: Occult Science, Mechanistic, Independent, Fundamental, Revolutionary or inductive (?), Experimental, useful, deductive, descriptive and classificative, for teaching, reducible, practical. The conquest of territories. The conquest of the social. The importance of scientific controversy. Epistemology of Chemistry.


The course is lectured in Portuguese, so that a good domain of this language is required.

Generic skills to reach
. Competence in organization and planning;
. Knowledge of a foreign language;
. Competence to solve problems;
. Competence in autonomous learning;
. Research skills;
. Competence in oral and written communication;
. Computer Skills for the scope of the study;
. Competence to communicate with people who are not experts in the field;
. Competence in understanding the language of other specialists;
. Ethical commitment;
. Quality concerns;
(by decreasing order of importance)
Teaching hours per semester
total of teaching hours30

Synthesis work thesis25 %
Exam50 %
Other25 %
assessment implementation in 20142015
Assessment Oral presentation of synthesis work: 25.0%
Synthesis work: 25.0%
Exam or Midterm exam: 50.0%

Bibliography of reference

Aaron Ihde, “The Development of Modern Chemistry”, Harper & Row, 1964.

J.R. Partington, “A Short History of Chemistry”, MacMillan, 1937.

W. Brock, “The Fontana History of Chemistry”, Fontana, 1992.

Hugh Salzberg, “From Caveman to Chemist”, ACS, 1991.

John Servos, “Physical Chemistry from Ostwald to Pauling”, Princeton, 1990.

Keith Laidler, “The World of Physical Chemistry”, Oxford, 1993.

Bernardette Bensaude-Vincent e Isabelle Stengers, “História da Química”, Instituto Piaget, 1992.

David Knight, “Ideas in Chemistry”, The Athlone Press, 1995.

Alexander Roob, “Alquimia & Misticismo”, Taschen, 2001.

Amorim da Costa, “Alquimia. Um discurso religioso”, Janus, 1999.

Teaching method

The lectures are supported in presentations with simple texts and diagrams, graphs, etc., with the support of media. There is opportunity to discuss the more difficult concepts and issues, with the active involvement of students in the discussion. The synopsis to be written by the students will be presented to the class by the authors and discussed with the other students and the teacher.

Resources used
Meios audiovisuais e computadores.